|City of Tuscaloosa, Alabama|
|— City —|
|Nickname(s): The City of Champions, T-Town, The Druid City, The Queen City|
|Incorporated||December 13, 1819|
|- Mayor||Walt Maddox|
|- Council President||Harrison Taylor|
|- City||66.7 sq mi (172.8 km2)|
|- Land||56.2 sq mi (145.6 km2)|
|- Water||10.5 sq mi (27.2 km2)|
|Elevation||223 ft (68 m)|
|- Density||1,658.6/sq mi (640.4/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|- Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP codes||35401-35407, 35485-35487|
|GNIS feature ID||0153742|
Tuscaloosa is a city in the west central part of the U.S. state of Alabama and the seat of Tuscaloosa County, the second-largest county in terms of area in the state of Alabama. Located on the Black Warrior River, it is the fifth-largest city in Alabama with an estimated population of 93,215 in 2009. A former capital of Alabama, Tuscaloosa is named after the Choctaw chieftain Tuskaloosa who battled and was defeated by Hernando de Soto in 1540 in the Battle of Mabila.
Tuscaloosa is the regional center of industry, commerce, healthcare, and education for West Alabama. Tuscaloosa is also the home of the University of Alabama. While the city attracted international attention when Mercedes-Benz announced it would build its first automotive assembly plant in North America in Tuscaloosa County, the university remains the dominant economic and cultural engine in the city.
In addition to the city of Tuscaloosa being named one of the "50 Best Places to Launch a Small Business" by Fortune Small Business, it was also named one of the nation’s "100 Best Communities for Young People" by America’s Promise Alliance.
The city of Tuscaloosa is continually listed in the top third of America's most livable communities.
HistoryEditThe area at the Fall Line shoals of what would later be known as the Black Warrior River had long been well known to the various Indian tribes whose shifting fortunes brought them to West Alabama. The river shoals at Tuscaloosa represented the southernmost site on the river which could be forded under most conditions. A network of Indian trails converged upon the place, the same network that, in the first years of the 19th century, was followed by a few intrepid white frontiersmen to the area.
The pace of white settlement increased greatly after the War of 1812. A small assortment of log cabins soon arose near the large Creek village at the fall line of the river, which the new settlers named in honor of the legendary Chief Tuskaloosa of a Muskogean-speaking tribe. In 1817, Alabama became a territory, and on December 13, 1819, the territorial legislature incorporated the town of Tuscaloosa, one day before Congress admitted Alabama to the Union as a state.
From 1826 to 1846, Tuscaloosa was the capital of Alabama. During this period, in 1831, the University of Alabama was established. The town's population and economy grew rapidly until the departure of the capital to Montgomery caused a rapid decline in population. Establishment of the Bryce State Hospital for the Insane in Tuscaloosa in the 1850s helped restore the city's fortunes.
During the Civil War following Alabama's secession from the Union, several thousand men from Tuscaloosa fought in the Confederate armies. During the last weeks of the War, a brigade of Union troops raiding the city burned the campus of the university. The larger town was also damaged in the battle and shared fully in the South's economic sufferings which followed the defeat.
In the 1890s the construction of a system of locks and dams on the Black Warrior River by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers opened up an inexpensive link to the Gulf seaport of Mobile, stimulating especially the mining and metallurgical industries of the region. By the advent of the 20th century, the growth of the University of Alabama and the mental health-care facilities in the city, along with a strong national economy fueled a steady growth in Tuscaloosa which continued unabated for 100 years. Manufacturing plants of large firms such as Michelin and JVC located in town during the latter half of the 20th century. However, it was the announcement of the addition of the Mercedes facility in 1993 that best personified the new era of economic prosperity for Tuscaloosa.
In 2009, scenic shots were filmed all around Tuscaloosa for Todd Phillips' comedy, "Due Date", starring Robert Downey Jr. and Zach Galifianakis. The filmmakers also said that the Tuscaloosa Convention and Visitors Bureau plans to establish a film commission that will work to bring more filmmakers to Tuscaloosa.
Geography and climateEdit
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Tuscaloosa has a total area of 66.7 square miles (172.8 km²), of which 56.2 square miles (145.7 km²) is land and 10.5 square miles (27.1 km²) (15.68%) is water. Most of water within the city limits is in Lake Tuscaloosa, which is entirely in the city limits, and the Black Warrior River.
Tuscaloosa is located at Template:Coord/link (33.206540, -87.534607), approximately 60 miles southwest of Birmingham. It lies on the fall line of the Black Warrior River approximately 311 km (120 mi.) upriver from the river's confluence with the Tombigbee River at Demopolis. Because of its location on the boundary between the Appalachian Highland and the Gulf Coastal Plain, the geography of the area around Tuscaloosa is quite diverse: varying from heavily forested hills to the northeast to a low-lying and marshy plain to the southwest.
The area experiences a typical Southern subtropical climate with four distinct seasons. The Gulf of Mexico heavily influences the climate by supplying the region with warm, moist air. During the fall, winter, and spring seasons, the interaction of this warm, moist air with cooler, drier air from the North along fronts create precipitation. These fronts usually move from west to east as they track along the jet stream. Notable exceptions occur during hurricane season where storms may move from due south to due north or even from east to west during land-falling hurricanes. The interaction between low- and high-pressure air masses is most pronounced during the severe weather seasons in the spring and fall. During the summer, the jet streams flows well to the north of the southeastern U.S., and most precipitation is consequently convectional, that is, caused by the warm surface heating the air above. Severe thunderstorms can bring damaging winds, large hail and occasionally tornadoes. A destructive F4 tornado struck Tuscaloosa County in December 2000, killing eleven people. Tuscaloosa City was struck by an F2 Tornado in January 1997 which resulted in the death of one person.
| Average high|
| Average low|
|Average rainfall: inches/mm|| 5 /|
| 50.3 /|
Winter lasts from mid-December to late-February; temperatures range from the mid-20s to the mid-50s. On average, the low temperature falls at freezing or below about 50 days a year. While rain is abundant (an average 5.09 in. per month from Dec.-Feb.), measurable snowfall is rare; the average annual snowfall is about 0.6 inches. Spring usually lasts from late-February to mid-May; temperatures range from the mid-50s to the low-80s and monthly rainfall amounts average about 5.05 in. (128 mm) per month. Summers last from mid-May to mid-September; temperatures range from the upper-60s to the mid-90s, with temperatures above 100°F (37.8°C) not uncommon, and average rainfall dip slightly to 3.97 in. (101 mm) per month. Autumn, which spans from mid-September to early-December, tends to be similar to Spring terms of temperature and precipitation.
The highest temperature to have been recorded at the Tuscaloosa Regional Airport was 107.0°F (41.7°C) on July 29, 1952 & August 10, 2007, while the lowest recorded temperature was -1.0°F (-18.3°C) on January 21, 1985.
The six major areas of Tuscaloosa are:
|Census|| 1860</td><td style="padding-left:8px">3,989</td><td></td><td style="padding-left:8px">
As of the census of 2000 there were 77,906 people, 31,381 households, and 16,945 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,385.2 people per square mile (534.8/km²). There were 34,857 housing units at an average density of 619.8/sq mi (239.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 54.09% White, 42.73% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.63% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. 1.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 31,381 households out of which 23.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.0% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.0% were non-families. 35.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the city the population was spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 24.5% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $27,731, and the median income for a family was $41,753. Males had a median income of $31,614 versus $24,507 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,129. About 14.2% of families and 23.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.3% of those under age 18 and 13.4% of those age 65 or over.
The city of Tuscaloosa is home to many places of worship in which people from the surrounding area of West Alabama may come to worship. Holy Spirit Roman Catholic Church has over 1,000 families attending. It is one of the largest and ornate churches in the city. First Presbyterian Church is the place of worship for many American and German residents in Tuscaloosa. Calvary Baptist Church, Englewood Baptist Church, and First African Baptist Church are three of the many Baptist churches in Tuscaloosa. Holy Cross Lutheran Church is a church reflecting on the Evangelical Lutheran community of Tuscaloosa. St. Gregory the Theologian Orthodox Church is the only Orthodox church in West Alabama. Its congregation is made up of Russians, Greeks, Romanians, Arabs, Eastern Europeans, and converts to Eastern Christianity. Some of the oldest churches in Tuscaloosa are: St. John's Roman Catholic Church c.1845 and Christ Episcopal Church c.1828. Tuscaloosa is also home to many non-Christians as well. The Jewish community of Tuscaloosa worships at Temple Emanu-El and the Hillel B'nai B'rith Center both near the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa. The Islamic Society of Tuscaloosa is the only mosque in West Alabama. The Hindu Mandir Temple and Cultural Center is also found in Tuscaloosa.
GovernmentEditTuscaloosa has a strong-mayor variant mayor-council form of government, led by a mayor and a seven-member city council. The mayor and council members are elected concurrently for four-year terms. The mayor is elected by the city at-large while council members are elected to single-member districts. Neither the mayor nor the members of the city council is term-limited. All elected offices are nonpartisan. Elections take place on the fourth Tuesday of August in years following presidential election years, with run-off elections taking place six weeks later if necessary. Terms begin immediately after election. The most recent municipal elections were held in 2009.
|1||Bobby E. Howard||2005|
|3||Cynthia Lee Almond||2005|
|7||William Tinker, III||2005|
The mayor is the chief executive and administrative officer of the city. His main duty is to oversee the day-to-day operation of city departments pursuant to executing policy enacted by the city council or, in the absence of any council policy, his own discretion. His other duties include preparing an operating budget each year for approval by the city council and acting as ambassador of the city. The mayor also presides over city council meetings but votes only in case of ties. The current Mayor of Tuscaloosa is Walter Maddox, who was elected to office in September 2005. Prior to Maddox, Alvin A. DuPont had served as mayor for 24 years.
The city council act as the legislative body of the city. It is powered by state law to consider policy and enact law and to make appoints to city boards. The council also considers the budget proposed by the mayor for approval. The majority of work in the council is done by committee. These committees usually consisting three council members, one of whom will be chairman, and relevant non-voting city employees.
Tuscaloosa, as the largest county seat in western Alabama, serves a hub of state and federal government agencies. In addition to the customary offices associated with the county courthouse, namely two District Court Judges, six Circuit Court Judges, the District Attorney and the Public Defender, several Alabama state government agencies have regional offices in Tuscaloosa, such as the Alabama Department of Transportation and the Alabama State Troopers (the state police).
Tuscaloosa is in the federal jurisdiction of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama. There is courthouse in Tuscaloosa simply called the Federal Courthouse. Several federal agencies operate bureaus out of the courthouse.
Federally, Tuscaloosa is split between the 6th and 7th Congressional Districts, which are represented by Spencer Bachus (R) and Terri Sewell (D), respectively. In addition, Alabama's senior senator, Richard Shelby (R), is a resident of Tuscaloosa.
On the state level, the city is split among the 5th, 21st, and 24th Senate districts and 62nd, 63rd, and 70th House districts in the Alabama State Legislature.
In December of 2009, construction on the new federal courthouse of Tuscaloosa began. The $67 million building was the centerpiece of a major downtown urban renewal project. According to information released by the General Services Administration, the building will be 129,000 square feet with parking. It will house the U.S. District Court, U.S. Bankruptcy Court and Social Security Administration office.
The Northern District of Alabama has only one facility suitable for holding a major criminal trial in Huntsville. However, Huntsville's lacks the facilities for safely moving criminal suspects in and out of the building safely. Tuscaloosa's new federal courthouse will anchor the federal structure for the whole Northern District of Alabama.
Construction is scheduled to wrap in July of 2011.
EconomyEditDespite its image as a college town, Tuscaloosa boasts a diversified economy based on all sectors of manufacturing and service. Twenty-five percent of the labor force in the Tuscaloosa Metropolitan Statistical Area is employed by the federal, state, and local government agencies. 16.7% is employed in manufacturing; 16.4% in retail trade and transportation; 11.6% in finance, information, and private enterprise; 10.3% in mining and construction; and 9.2% in hospitality. Education and healthcare account for only 7.2% of the area workforce with the remainder employed in other services.
Tuscaloosa was ranked in the November 2009 issue of Fortune Small Business as one of the "50 Best Places to Launch a Small Business" (ranked #11 among metro areas with populations of 250,000 or less).
The city's industrial and manufacturing base includes BFGoodrich Tire Manufacturing, GAF Materials Corporation, Hunt Refining Company, JVC America, Nucor Steel and Phifer Wire among numerous other operations.
Another significant contributor to the manufacturing segment of the city's economy is the Mercedes-Benz U.S. International assembly plant located on a site in Tuscaloosa County located near Vance approximately 20 miles east of downtown. The plant began assembling the Mercedes-Benz M-Class in 1997 and the R-Class Grand Sport Tourer in 2005 and just recently began production with the GL-Class. Plants that supply components to Mercedes-Benz also make their home in Tuscaloosa and add to the economic strength of the city.
The Westervelt Company, a land resources and wildlife management company has its headquarters in Tuscaloosa. The company was formerly the Gulf State Paper Corporation, with headquarters in Tuscaloosa from 1927 until 2005 when it sold its pulp and paperboard operations to the Rock-Tenn Company of Norcross, Georgia. Gulf States then restructured to form Westervelt.
Health-care and education serve as the cornerstone of Tuscaloosa's service sector, which includes the University of Alabama, DCH Regional Medical Center, Bryce Hospital, the William D. Partlow Developmental Center, and the Tuscaloosa VA Medical Center.
RetailEditTuscaloosa is home to two regional malls, University Mall and McFarland Mall, a lifestyle center, Midtown Village, which is anchored by Barnes and Noble and Best Buy, and numerous other shopping outlets, Hillcrest Center, McFarland Plaza, Merchants Walk, South Plaza Shopping Center, Taylorville Corners, Downtown Business District, University Town Center, WaterMark Place Outlet Center, Wood Square Shopping Center, Skyland Plaza Shopping Center, Ridge Village Shopping Center, Parkview Plaza Shopping Center, Parkview Shopping Center, Alberta Plaza Shopping Center, Alberta Shopping Center, Alberta Park Shopping Center, Meadowbrook Shopping Center, and many, many more.
University Mall and Midtown Village, which are located along McFarland Boulevard, anchor the core retail area of the city. Other retail properties in this area include McFarland Plaza (formerly known as Bama Mall), an open-air mall anchored by Stein Mart and Toys R Us, and many other free standing store and restaurant, most notably SuperTarget and Home Depot, which are located on former east campus of the Shelton State Community College.
Midtown Village is a vibrant, mixed-use community in the heart of Tuscaloosa. The first of its kind in the state of Alabama, Midtown Village offers a combination of specialty retail, pubs, condominiums, outdoor cafés, and restaurants. Students, residents, and visitors alike can enjoy stores and restaurants that are new to Western Alabama, as well as old favorites in a brand new environment. Connecting this unique village is a series of main streets lined with charming store fronts that capture the small town feel, while abundant green spaces encourage visitors to gather and enjoy a sense of community that no other modern retail environment offers.
Other large retail areas in the city are located around the intersection of Skyland Boulevard and Alabama Highway 69/Interstate 359 (Lowe's, Academy Sports and Outdoors, K-Mart, Cobb Theatres) and around the intersection of McFarland Boulevard and Skyland Boulevard (McFarland Mall, Wal-Mart Supercenter, Sam's Club).
As in many cities across the US, the downtown area used to be the main retail area of Tuscaloosa until the opening of McFarland and University malls in what was then the suburbs. While efforts to restore the entertainment and cultural offerings in downtown in recent years have paid off dividends, a revival of the retail offering has been less successful.
Education is a vital component of the city as Tuscaloosa is home to several colleges and schools.
Higher education Edit
The University of Alabama is the dominant institution of higher learning and is the largest university in the state of Alabama in terms of enrollment. Enrolling approximately 30,232 students on an 1,800 acre (7.3 km²) campus, UA has been a part of Tuscaloosa's identity since it opened its doors in 1831. Stillman College, which opened in 1875, is a historically Black liberal arts college enrolling approximately 1,200 students on a 105 acre (0.4 km²) campus
Additionally, Shelton State Community College, one of the largest in Alabama, is located in the city. The school enrolls around 7,000 students from all backgrounds and income levels. The majority of Shelton State students are "traditional" students. They are usually either first-time college students earning associate degrees for transfer to four-year institutions after graduation, or UA and Stillman students enrolled in entry-level classes that they cannot or do not want to take at their home institutions.
Primary and secondary education Edit
The Tuscaloosa City School System serves the city. It is overseen by the Tuscaloosa City Board of Education, which is composed of eight members elected by district and a chairman elected by a citywide vote. The Board appoints a Superintendent to manage the day-to-day operations of the system. Operating with a $100 million budget, the system enrolls approximately 10,300 students. The system consists of 19 schools: 12 elementary schools, 3 middle schools, 3 high schools (Paul W. Bryant High School, Central High School and Northridge High School), and 2 specialty schools (the Tuscaloosa Center for Technology, a vocational school, and Oak Hill School for special needs students). In 2002, the system spent $6,313 per pupil, the 19th highest amount of the 120 school systems in the state.
Tuscaloosa is also served by several private schools, both secular and religious, including Tuscaloosa Academy, American Christian Academy, Holy Spirit Catholic High School, Open Door Christian School, the Capitol School, and Tuscaloosa Christian School (in neighboring Cottondale).
Since 1923, the state-run William D. Partlow Developmental Center has served the mentally retarded, offering these citizens a public education as well as seeing to their other needs.
The University of AlabamaEditFounded in 1831, it is the flagship university of the University of Alabama System. Within Alabama, it is often called "the Capstone". UA is the senior and the largest in terms of enrollment of the state's major research universities, the others being rival Auburn University and fellow UA System institutions the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) and the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB).
The University of Alabama offers programs of study in 12 academic divisions leading to bachelor's, master's, Education Specialist, and doctoral degrees. The only publicly-supported law school in Alabama is at UA. Other academic programs unavailable elsewhere in Alabama include doctoral programs in anthropology, library and information studies, metallurgical engineering, music, Romance languages, and social work.
As of fall 2010, Alabama has an enrollment of 30,232 students. Its president is Dr. Robert Witt. Under his leadership, the university has experienced significant growth, despite lower admission acceptance rates, and higher academic standards. The UA Honors Program has grown rapidly as well, with one in five freshmen now enrolled in UA's Honors College. In fall 2007, these 1,065 scored in the top 2 percent nationally on the ACT.
A ranking of colleges and universities, published in the May 19, 2008 edition of Forbes magazine, ranks the University of Alabama seventh in the nation among public universities. The ranking also places UA 42nd among all national universities, both public and private. According to both the 2008 and the 2009 US News and World Report America's Best Colleges Edition college rankings, UA had the highest ranking of any university in the state of Alabama. In fact, among all public universities in the US, the University of Alabama is ranked #37, according to the 2009 USNWR America's Best Colleges Edition.
According to Campus Squeeze's 20 Most Beautiful Colleges in the USA, The University of Alabama's campus was ranked 17th among both public and private colleges.
Shelton State Community CollegeEditShelton State Community College is a two-year community college located in Tuscaloosa, AL. Operated by the Alabama State Department of Postsecondary Education, Shelton is one of the largest two-year colleges in the state. Some 7,000 students are enrolled in some form of coursework, including around 3,000 full-time students.
Shelton State is also designated as the Alabama Junior College of the Fine Arts by the state legislature. The Alabama Stage and Screen Hall of Fame is located here, and Theatre Tuscaloosa is based in the Bean Browne Theatre at Shelton.
The Alabama Fire College and Personnel Standards Commission is also located on the Martin campus of Shelton State. The Fire College is responsible for training paid and volunteer fire fighters and EMTs throughout the state.
Shelton State has two campuses: Martin Campus off Alabama Highway 69 south of Tuscaloosa in the unincorporated suburb of Taylorville, and C.A. Fredd campus on Martin Luther King, Jr., Boulevard in west Tuscaloosa. Shelton is considered a historically black college by virtue of its being the consolidated daughter institution of the former C.A. Fredd State Technical College.
Stillman CollegeEditStillman College is a private, historically black liberal arts college founded in 1876 and located in the West Tuscaloosa area of Tuscaloosa, AL.
The Template:Convert/acre college campus offers programs of study leading to the bachelor's degree. The Division of Arts and Sciences includes: Art, Biology, Business with concentrations in Accounting, Marketing, and Management; English, History, Mathematics, Music, and Nursing. The Division of Education includes: Psychology, Elementary Education and Health & Physical Education. It currently enrolls approximately 1,000 students.
Stillman College's intercollegiate athletic teams, the Tigers and Lady Tigers, compete in the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference in Division II of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). Men's Basketball (2006 SIAC Champions), Women's Basketball, Baseball (2007-2008 SIAC Champions) (2007 Division II National Champions), Softball, Tennis, Track & Field, Football. In the 2009-10 season, 1 year removed from taking over a 1-27 team, head coach Michael Grant led the men's basketball team to the school's first ever appearance in the National Top 25 rankings.
Culture and Recreation Edit
Tuscaloosa is home to a variety of cultural sites and events reflective of its historical and modern role in Alabama and the Southeast in general. Many of these cultural events are sponsored by the University of Alabama. Numerous performing arts groups and facilities, historical sites, and museums dedicated to subjects as varying as American art and collegiate football dot the city. There are events that reflect upon the ethnic cultures of Tuscaloosa. The Tuscaloosa County Industrial Development Association sponsors the annual Weindorf German Festival celebrating German culture and the annual Sakura Japanese Festival. The Irish culture is celebrated through the city's St. Patrick's Day Parade and the Celtic Kentuck' Festival. Holy Spirit Catholic Church holds a religious procession/parade and mass in honor of Our Lady of Guadalupe which is symbolic to the large Hispanic population and the catholic population of the area.
Libraries and museums Edit
The Tuscaloosa Public Library is a joint city-county agency with nearly 200,000 items on catalog. A total of 46,857 registered patrons use the library on a regular basis — roughly 28% of the population of the county. There are currently two branches in the city, the Main branch on Jack Warner Parkway and the Weaver-Bolden branch in western Tuscaloosa, and a third branch in suburban Taylorville (Brown branch).
Additionally, the University of Alabama, Stillman College and Shelton State Community College have campus libraries that are open for use to the public.Museums in Tuscaloosa are located all over town, but are primarily concentrated in the downtown area or on the campus of UA. Museums that are downtown include CHOM: the Children’s Hands-On Museum of Tuscaloosa and the Murphy African-American Museum. The Alabama Museum of Natural History and the Paul W. Bryant Museum are located on the UA campus. The Westervelt Warner Museum of American Art is located on the grounds of NorthRiver Yacht Club in northern Tuscaloosa. Additional museums and galleries are found across the river in Northport. The Jones Archaeological Museum is located 15 miles south of Tuscaloosa at the Moundville Archaeological Park in Moundville.
Performing arts Edit
Numerous performing arts organizations are active in the Tuscaloosa area. The Arts and Humanities Council of Tuscaloosa County is an association of various performing arts organizations in the Tuscaloosa area. Many are affiliated with UA or Shelton State Community college, but several are independent organizations. A few of the performing arts groups active in Tuscaloosa include (a full list of Arts Council members can be found here):
The Tuscaloosa Symphony Orchestra, which had its twenty-fifth season in 2006-2007, is based at the Moody Music Building. Korean maestro Shinik Hahm has been music director since the 2001-2002 season, but will step down at end of the 2009-2010 season. The Alabama Choir School consists of specially talented, trained singers from Pre-K to High School, and many different choirs. It is under direction of Karen Nicolosi and Eugene Procter.
Facilities EditThe Frank Moody Music Building on the UA campus holds a 1000-seat Concert Hall and a 140-seat Recital Hall. The Concert Hall features a three-story-tall, 5,000-pipe Holtkamp organ and frequently hosts concerts and other musical events, including the hit band, Kansas. The Recital Hall features a Schlicker organ. Also on the UA campus, Rowand-Johnson Hall, holds the Marian Gallaway Theatre, a 305-seat proscenium theater and the Allen Bales Theatre, a 170-seat thrust theatre. Finally, Morgan Hall features a 600-seat auditorium.
The Sandra Hall-Ray Fine Arts Centre on the Shelton State campus holds the Bean-Brown Theatre, a 450-seat proscenium theater, and the 100-seat Alabama Power Foundation Recital Hall.
The Bama Theatre is a 1094-seat proscenium theater located in downtown Tuscaloosa and is operated by The Arts and Humanities Council. The Bama Theatre was built between 1937 and 1938 under the New Deal-era Public Works Administration as a movie palace. At the time of its construction in 1938, it was the only air-conditioned building in Tuscaloosa. The theatre was renovated as a performing arts center in 1976 and housed the Tuscaloosa Symphony Orchestra and Theatre Tuscaloosa troupe until those groups moved into their own facilities.
Today, the Bama Theatre is the residence of the Tuscaloosa Children's Theatre Company and the Tuscaloosa Community Dancers. Additionally, its hosts the Arts Council's Cinema Nouveau movie series, which screens foreign and independent films. The Bama Theatre hosts a Jewish Film Festival in the spring, as well as several traveling film festivals. Additionally, the Bama Theatre has recently been serving as a concert venue, hosting recent performances by Joan Baez, Aimee Mann, the Drive-By Truckers, Umphrey's Mcgee, Ryan Adams, Chuck Leavell and many other performing artists.Coleman Coliseum is a 15,383-seat multi-purpose arena that basically serves as the city of Tuscaloosa's municipal civic center. Because the City of Tuscaloosa does not have a municipal civic center, the demand for events grew rapidly and the Coliseum doubled its capacity in the 1970s due to this. In the 1990s marquee concerts and events that the arena had seen in the previous two decades grew scarce as the facility became more outdated and became mostly devoted to Crimson Tide athletic events. In the hope that the University could pull more excitement for events at the facility, the Coliseum underwent a significant renovation in 2005, which cost over $24 million.
The coliseum has hosted a diversity of events including commencement exercises, a visit by President Ronald Reagan, alumni gatherings, student convocations, concerts, operas, ballets, appearances by political figures, WCW Saturday Night, etc. Travis Tritt filmed his "Bible Belt" country music video there. Stars who have performed on its stages include The Rolling Stones, Elvis Presley, Elton John, Grateful Dead, Tom Petty, Led Zeppelin, Ray Charles, Jimi Hendrix, Bob Dylan, Alan Jackson, Reba McEntire, Jay Leno, Hank Williams, Jr., Daughtry, and many, many more.
In December 2010, construction on the Tuscaloosa Amphitheater officially wrapped up with the dedication ceremony taking place days after. The 7,470 capacity Tuscaloosa Amphitheater is only blocks away from the lively downtown district and sits at the end of the fabulous Riverwalk on the banks of the Black Warrior River.
Nightlife in Tuscaloosa is split between The Strip and downtown. The strip is literally a strip of bars on University Blvd. near the campus of the University of Alabama. One of the oldest bars on the strip (before its recent renovation) is the Houndstooth Sports Bar (named the Number 1 Sports Bar in America by Playboy Magazine). Tuscaloosa's rock 'n' roll dive bar Egan's, sits across the street and other bars such as The Bear Trap, The Dixie (which touts the biggest indoor music venue) and Red Shed and more surround them. Galette's, which has no sign, is the fraternity and sorority bar. During the school year, and especially football season, the Strip pulsates with students, alumni, locals and visitors being walking distance from Bryant-Denney stadium where the Crimson Tide plays its football games.
Less than a mile from the strip is Tuscaloosa's downtown district. It's more spread out than the strip and offers a variety of types of bars and restaurants. Younger people tend to frequent the Temerson Square area, off University (4th Street and 23rd Avenue) in downtown Tuscaloosa. You will find professors, students and professionals mingling together at The Downtown Pub and The Alcove International Tavern (the only smoke free bar in Tuscaloosa). Little Willie's is a small blues and jazz bar, while its bigger sister bar next door, Wilhagen's, has a big screen TV and an assortment of bar games to play. Innisfree is perhaps the most crowded bar on any given night, packed with ex-fraternity and sorority alumni as well as an assortment of current students and young professionals.
The city of Tuscaloosa's nightlife is a key reason why The University of Alabama consistently finds itself ranked in the Top 25 Party Schools, year in and year out. Bars are open well into the morning, even drawing in Mississippi State students from nearby Starkville.
Eateries in Tuscaloosa range from the upscale Cypress Inn to a shabby steak house, Nick's in the Sticks. Downtown offers Italian cuisine at Venice Italian Fusion or Depalma's; biscuits and grits are served at the Waysider, a landmark filled with Crimson Tide paraphernalia, or across the river at Northport's City Cafe or Northport Diner. Ribs are available at various locations, most famously Dreamland There are numerous other less-famous BBQ locations—including Archibald's, Full Moon, Woodrow's, Mike and Eds, and Moe's Original BBQ. Around the University campus, there are a number of restaurants with varying specialties frequented by students and locals alike, including Hooligans, Rammer Jammer's, Swen, Ruan Thai, and the proverbial favorite during warmer months, Summer Snow. There are very many cultural restaurants in Tuscaloosa such as restaurants that serve cultural foods such as Chinese, Japanese, Indian, Thai, Italian, Greek, German, French, and Mexican.
EventsEditPrior to each football game is a massive gathering at the UA Quad, where people gather starting on Friday for tailgating and the University of Alabama holds pep rallies on the Gorgas library steps. The Quad has hosted ESPN's Gameday several times and also is a place to meet Alabama football legends on game day and perform the "Elephant Stomp" (a pre-game parade) to Bryant-Denny Stadium with the Alabama mascot "Big Al" and the Million Dollar Band.
On the first Thursday of each month, the Tuscaloosa art galleries open their doors for "Art and Soul" — highlighting local artists. There is a shuttle service that runs between this event and Northport's "Art Night."
The City of Tuscaloosa holds parades annually for holidays such as New Year's Day, Martin Luther King Jr. Day, St. Patrick's Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Veterans Day, and Christmas Day. Holy Spirit Roman Catholic Church also hosts an annual religious procession for Our Lady of Guadalupe, which reflects on both the catholic and Hispanic community. St. Gregory the Theologian Orthodox Church hosts annual religious processions for Holy Easter, the Dormition of the Theotokos, and Christmas. Surrounding churches have similar activities.
Other annual city festivals worth noting are:
- Sakura Festival - The Sakura festival celebrates the symbolic moment when a cherry blossom petal detaches itself to float earthward, which reminds one of the paradoxically fleeting, yet enduring, nature of life. Every March Tuscaloosa celebrates its ties with Japan and its Sister City of Narashino City. This festival features a Haiku Contest.
- Kentuck Festival of Arts - This annual event takes place during the third week in October near the banks of the Black Warrior River in Historic Downtown Northport. This nationally recognized event brings in visitors and artists from all over the United States. As several hundred talented artists bring their creations, several thousand visitors come to pay tribute to their skills. Those crowds come not only for the art, but also for the artistry of the days of old. Several artisans provide live demonstrations of blacksmithing, furniture making, quilting, and potting. There are music acts performing on stages and many varied foods available.
- Moundville Native American Festival - This annual festival takes place at the Moundville Archaeological Park. Native American performing artists, craftspeople, and musicians entertain and educate visitors about the rich culture and heritage that makes Southeastern Indians unique. Visitors can look forward to learning about the society and culture that existed there 800 years ago.
- Dickens Downtown - An annual Victorian holiday celebration known as Dickens Downtown takes place on the first Tuesday night in December in Downtown Northport. Dickens is a community supported gathering to celebrate the true spirit of Christmas involving Theatre Tuscaloosa performing scenes from "A Christmas Carol", local choirs, the 5th Alabama Regimental Band, a real English Town Crier, father Christmas, and business and neighborhood open houses. As the area comes alive with characters and props straight from 'A Christmas Carol', local shops offer hot cocoa and cookies.
Parks and Recreations EditThe Tuscaloosa County Parks and Recreation Authority (a county agency that receives a large amount of its funding from the city) operates several parks and activity centers within the city. Additional public recreational sites are owned and maintained by the University of Alabama and federal agencies such as Corp of Engineers.
The University of Alabama Arboretum is located on Template:Convert/acre of land at the intersection of Veterans Memorial Parkway and Pelham Loop Road, adjacent to the VA Hospital. The arboretum's primary emphasis is on Alabama's native flora and fauna. It includes Template:Convert/mi of walking trails through native piney woods and oak-hickory climax forest, a wildflower garden containing more than 250 species, ornamental plants, an experimental garden, a bog garden, an open-air pavilion, and a children's garden. Two greenhouses contain collections of orchids, cacti, and tropical plants.
SportsEditTuscaloosa is known for its collegiate athletics - particularly the University of Alabama Crimson Tide football team. The University of Alabama also currently fields championship–caliber teams in baseball, golf, men's basketball, women's gymnastics, and softball. These teams play in athletics facilities on the university campus, including Bryant-Denny Stadium (capacity of 102,000+), Coleman Coliseum (formerly Memorial Coliseum), Sewell-Thomas Stadium, Rhodes Stadium, Foster Auditorium and the Ol' Colony Golf Complex.
Stillman College fields teams in football, men's and women's basketball, baseball and softball, among other sports. In the past decade, Stillman has gone through a renaissance of renovations, including a new football stadium, Stillman Stadium.
Previous professional teams calling Tuscaloosa home included the World Basketball Association's Druid City Dragons in 2006, and Tuscaloosa Warriors football team in 1963, with both folding after one season.
MediaEditTuscaloosa is part of the Birmingham-Tuscaloosa-Anniston television market, which is the 40th largest in the nation. All major networks have a presence in the market. WCFT 33 is the ABC affiliate, WIAT 42 is the CBS affiliate, WBRC 6 is the Fox affiliate, WVTM 13 is the NBC affiliate, WBIQ 10 is the PBS affiliate, WTTO 21 is the CW affiliate, and WABM 68 is the MyNetworkTV affiliate. Additionally, WVUA 7, an independent station, is operated by the University of Alabama. The Tuscaloosa City School system is home to a student television production program: Bryant-Central-Northridge Television (BCN-TV)
Tuscaloosa is the 234th largest radio market in the nation. In January 2007, of the top-ten-rated radio stations, two were urban, three were country, two were contemporary, and one each was gospel, oldies, and talk radio.
Tuscaloosa serves as home base to Alabama Public Radio, the state's largest public radio network. APR's main studios are housed at the University of Alabama, and the flagship signal, WUAL-FM, originates from a transmitter south of town. WUAL serves Tuscaloosa, portions of the Birmingham metro area and several counties of west-central Alabama. The University of Alabama also houses WVUA-FM, a 24/7 college radio station run completely by students.
The Tuscaloosa News is the major daily newspaper serving the city. The Tuscaloosa News also publishes Tuscaloosa Magazine. Its offices are located west of downtown on a bluff overlooking the Black Warrior River. The Planet Weekly is an alternative weekly newspapers while The Crimson White is the independent, student-run newspaper of the University of Alabama. The literary magazine Black Warrior Review was founded by graduate students of the University's Creative Writing program in 1974, and is edited and published by students in the English program.
On September 27, 2010, Birmingham-based Cobb Theaters announced that Tuscaloosa's Cobb Hollywood 16 will be converted to a 3-D IMAX theater. The company is installing four new Imax theaters in the southeast.
Tuscaloosa's Imax is scheduled to be completed by March 2011.
Health and medicineEdit
DCH Regional Medical Center is the main medical facility in Tuscaloosa. Operated by the publicly-controlled DCH Healthcare Authority, the 610-bed hospital opened in 1916 as the Druid City Infirmary. The emergency department at DCH operates a trauma center (it is not certified as an official trauma center by the American College of Surgeons, however) that serves all of west central Alabama and is one of the busiest in the state. The DCH Healthcare authority also operates Northport Medical Center in neighboring Northport.
Other major medical centers in Tuscaloosa include the 702-bed Veterans Affairs Medical Center-Tuscaloosa and the 422-bed Bryce Hospital, Mary S. Harper Geriatric Psychiatry Center, and Taylor Hardin Secure Medical Facility.
Tuscaloosa is connected to other parts of the country via air, rail, road and sea. The city lies at the intersection of several highways, including three federal highways (15px US 11, 15px US 43, and 15px US 82), three Alabama state highways (15px AL 69, 15px AL 215, and 15px AL 216) and two duplexed (conjoined) Interstates (15px15px I-20/I-59). 18px Interstate 359 spurs off from I-20/I-59 and heads northward, ending in downtown Tuscaloosa. 15px AL 297 will be the future loop road around Tuscaloosa.
Greyhound Bus Lines provides passenger bus service to Tuscaloosa. Its station is located at 2520 Stillman Blvd in downtown Tuscaloosa. The Tuscaloosa Transit Authority operates the Tuscaloosa Trolley System. The Tuscaloosa Trolley provides local public bus transportation with four fixed routes that operate Monday through Friday from 5:00AM to 6:00PM. The trolley's paint job is an illusion; it is a El Dorado Transmark RE bus, painted to look like a trolley.The Tuscaloosa Regional Airport, on the north side of the Black Warrior River west of downtown Northport, is equipped with two lighted runways (6499' and 4001') and provides full facilities for the general aviation which the airport mainly serves. The airport also supports private jetcraft and commercial charter flights, but passengers of regularly scheduled commercial aircraft from Tuscaloosa embark at either the convenient and well equipped Birmingham-Shuttlesworth International Airport, located 53 miles away on the east side of downtown Birmingham, or the Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, located 210 miles away in Atlanta, Georgia.
Heliports include the Bryant Culberson Heliport and the Tuscaloosa Police Department Heliport.
Amtrak provides passenger rail service to Tuscaloosa though the Crescent line, which connects the area to major cities along the east coast from New York to New Orleans. The Amtrak station is situated at 2105 Greensboro Avenue, one mile south of downtown. Norfolk Southern Railway and Alabama Southern Railroad provide freight services to the area. KCS previously provided service to the area before leasing its lines to Watco in July 2005.
Port of TuscaloosaEdit
Port of Tuscaloosa, Alabama is a river port located in the City of Tuscaloosa and administered by the Alabama State Port Authority.
The Black Warrior River is bounded along nearly its entire course by a series of locks and dams. They form a chain of narrow reservoirs, providing aids to navigation and barge handling as well as hydroelectric power and drinking water. The Black Warrior River watershed is a vital river basin entirely contained within Alabama, America's leading state for freshwater biodiversity. Near Tuscaloosa, the river flows out of the rocky Cumberland Plateau and enters the sandy East Gulf Coastal Plain. Barge transportation in and out of the Port of Tuscaloosa and other commercial navigation make the Black Warrior a silent giant in the state of Alabama's economy. Though the Port of Tuscaloosa is a small one, it is one of the larger facilities on the Black Warrior River at waterway mile marker 338.5. There are no railway connections at this port as they primarily concentrate on the shipment of dry bulk commodities, including lignite, coal and coal coke. The federal government and the City of Tuscaloosa share the ownership of the Port of Tuscaloosa; the operation of the port is leased out to Powell Sales and has been run by them since 1997.
At waterway mile marker 343.2 on the opposite side of the river is a steel company with its own tracks at the rear of the plant connecting with the Kansas City Southern Railroad for barge shipments of iron and steel products such as ingots, bars, rods, steel slabs, plates and coils. Tuscaloosa Steel Corporation was one of the first U.S. steel companies to implement the Steckel Mill Technology.
The Port of Tuscaloosa grew out of the system of locks and dams on the Black Warrior River built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in the 1890s. Its construction opened up an inexpensive transportation link to the Gulf seaport of Mobile, Alabama that stimulated the mining and metallurgical industries of the region that are still in operation.
The Army Corps of Engineers has maintained a system of locks and dams along the Black Warrior River for over a century to allow navigability all the way up to Birmingham. Barge traffic thus routinely runs through Tuscaloosa to the Alabama State Docks at Mobile, on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. Via the Tenn-Tom Waterway, the city is connected to the Ohio River valley and beyond.
Points of interestEdit
- Dreamland Bar-B-Que
- Alabama Stage and Screen Hall of Fame
- Battle-Friedman House
- Christ Episcopal Church
- Holy Spirit Roman Catholic Church
- Munny Sokol Park
- Hugh R. Thomas Bridge
- Eagle Cove Marina
- Paul Bryant Bridge
- Queen City Pool and Pool House
- Smiths Marina
- Woolsey Finnell Bridge
- Bryant-Denny Stadium
- Tannehill National Golf Course
- Paul W. Bryant Museum
- Alabama Museum of Natural History
- Hidden Meadows Golf Course
- Bama Belle Riverboat
- Bama Theatre
- Tuscaloosa Amphitheater
- Hide-A-Way Harbor Marina
- The River Walk
- Capstone Club of Alabama
- Bob's Campground and Marina
- Sunset Travel Park
- Ol' Colony Golf Complex
- Candy Mountain RV Park & Campground
- Westervelt Warner Museum of American Art
- Blue Heron Marina
- Old Alabama State Capitol Ruins
- Black Warrior Model Railroad Society
- Children’s Hands-On Museum
- Critter Creek Farm
- Denny Chimes
- Gorgas House
- Jemison-Van De Graaff Mansion
- Kentuck Gallery
- Ladybug Farm
- Mallisham's Glass Slipper Carriage Tours
- Moundville Archaeological Park
- Pickens County Courthouse/Face In The Window
- Veterans Memorial Park
- University of Alabama Arboretum
- West Alabama Aero Modelers
- Woods & Waters, Inc.
- Bama Mini Golf
- A.L. Freeman Park
- Bowers Park
- The Walk of Champions
- Sunrise Hot Air Balloon Race
Arts and entertainmentEdit
- Willie D. Burton, born in Tuscaloosa, sound technician in the film industry; Oscar winner Dreamgirls & Bird
- Frank Calloway, folk artist
- Tom Cherones, from Tuscaloosa, University of Alabama alumnus, television producer and director of Seinfeld, NewsRadio, Desperate Housewives, others
- Vera Hall, born near Livingston, AL, but worked, occasionally lived in and married a man from Tuscaloosa; folk musician
- Chuck Leavell, keyboardist, The Rolling Stones
- Robert Gibson, one-half of the professional wrestling team The Rock 'n' Roll Express
- Debra Marshall, professional wrestler and diva with World Wrestling Entertainment
- Johnny Shines, blues musician, born in Frazier, TN, died in Tuscaloosa
- Dinah Washington, born in Tuscaloosa, blues, R&B and jazz singer
- Joe Scarborough, former politician and host of Morning Joe on MSNBC
- Walter Flowers, raised in Tuscaloosa, former United States Congressman, served on the congressional committee that voted to impeach President Richard M. Nixon
- Richard C. Shelby, U.S. Senator, Chairman of the United States Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs and Chairman of the United States Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
- Margaret Tutwiler, former resident of Tuscaloosa, served in three presidential administrations, former Ambassador to the Kingdom of Morocco, Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs in the State Department
- Lurleen Wallace, born in Tuscaloosa, former Governor of Alabama
- Coleman Young, born in Tuscaloosa, served as mayor of Detroit from 1974-1993.
- Robert J. Bentley, dermatologist elected Governor of Alabama in 2010.
- Ollie Brown, born in Tuscaloosa, Major League Baseball player
- Sylvester Croom, born in Tuscaloosa, the first African-American head football coach in the Southeastern Conference
- George Foster, born in Tuscaloosa, Major League Baseball player
- Butch Hobson, born in Tuscaloosa, Major League Baseball player and manager
- Frank Lary, Major League Baseball player
- Angel Martino, born in Tuscaloosa, Olympic swimmer
- Lee Maye, born in Tuscaloosa, Major League baseball player
- Andy Phillips, born in Tuscaloosa, former major league baseball player and Alabama baseball assistant coach
- Tike Redman, born in Tuscaloosa, former major league baseball player for the Pittsburgh Pirates, New York Mets, and Baltimore Orioles.
- Joe Sewell, Major League Baseball player and member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame
- John Stallworth, born in Tuscaloosa, played football for the Pittsburgh Steelers, played in six AFC championships and went to four Super Bowls
- Frank Thomas, University of Alabama head football coach
- D. J. White, born in Tuscaloosa, professional basketball player for the NBA's Charlotte Bobcats
- Deontay Wilder, 2008 Olympic bronze medalist and professional boxer
- Jimmy Wales, American Internet entrepreneur and a co-founder and promoter of Wikipedia
- Major General William Crawford Gorgas, Surgeon General of the U.S. Army, aided in abating the transmission of yellow fever, received a knighthood from King George V
- Howell Raines, lived in Tuscaloosa, Pulitzer Prize winner, former executive editor of The New York Times
- Shannon Shorr, professional poker player
- Robert J. Van de Graaff, born in Tuscaloosa, the designer of the Van de Graaff generator
Notes and referencesEdit
- ↑ Code of Alabama 1975, Title 11, Chapter 40, Section 11-40-1
- ↑ "Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places in Alabama" (CSV). 2009 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. June 22, 2010. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2009-04-01.csv. Retrieved June 24, 2009. file in Excel format
- ↑ "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas" (CSV). 2009 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. March 23, 2010. http://www.census.gov/popest/metro/tables/2009/CBSA-EST2009-01.csv. Retrieved June 24, 2010. file in Excel format
- ↑ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ↑ http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1654
- ↑ http://money.cnn.com/smallbusiness/best_places_launch/2009/
- ↑ http://www.cw.ua.edu/2010/10/03/tuscaloosa-named-top-100-city-for-young-people/
- ↑ http://www.experiencetuscaloosa.com/
- ↑ Hubbs, Guy (Spring 2009). "Tuscaloosa on My Mind", Alabama Historical Association newsletter. Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 4-5.
- ↑ http://www.tuscaloosanews.com/article/20090919/news/909199994?p=1&tc=pg
- ↑ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- ↑ Tuscaloosa Area Climate. University of Alabama - Department of Mathematics. Accessed December 03, 2005.
- ↑ Records and Averages - Tuscaloosa. Tuscaloosa Weather Forecasts on Yahoo! Weather. Accessed December 03, 2005.
- ↑ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ↑ http://www.tuscaloosanews.com/article/20091206/NEWS/912059938?p=1&tc=pg
- ↑ Percentages calculated using data from Table of Employment Statistics. Alabama Department of Industrial Relations. Accessed December 06, 2005.
- ↑ Template:Cite news
- ↑ http://www.tcvb.org/directory/?show=1&page=browse&category=94
- ↑ 19.0 19.1 19.2 http://www.city-data.com/city/Tuscaloosa-Alabama.html
- ↑ http://blog.midtownvillagetuscaloosa.com/
- ↑ About Us: Students. Tuscaloosa City School System. Accessed November 24, 2005.
- ↑ Quick Facts. University of Alabama.
- ↑ University of Alabama News
- ↑ University of Alabama News
- ↑ http://www.campussqueeze.com/post/The-20-Most-Beautiful-Colleges-in-the-USA.aspx
- ↑ http://blog.al.com/entertainment-press-register/2010/08/rock_band_kansas_will_perform.html
- ↑ Bama Theatre. Arts Council of Tuscaloosa.
- ↑ About Us. Tuscaloosa Children's Theatre
- ↑ http://www.tuscaloosaamphitheater.com/news.php
- ↑ http://www.pubclub.com/collegefootball/index.htm
- ↑ http://www.tuscaloosabusiness.com/Tuscaloosa_Pages/Tuscaloosa+Festivals~83.html
- ↑ "Nielsen Media Research Local Universe Estimates (US)" (pdf). Nielson Media Research. http://en-us.nielsen.com/etc/content/nielsen_dotcom/en_us/home/measurement/tv_research.mbt.39577.RelatedLinks.13293.MediaPath.pdf. Retrieved October 2, 2009. Template:Dead link
- ↑ Arbitron Radio Market Rankings: Spring 2007 Arbitron. Accessed July 24, 2007.
- ↑ Tuscaloosa, AL, Ratings. RadioandRecords.com Accessed July 24, 2007.
- ↑ http://www.myfoxal.com/Global/story.asp?S=13226637
- ↑ The Licensed Bed figures were taken from data from the Hospital Directory of the Alabama Hospital Association. The DCH Health System website lists the numbers of Licensed Beds at DCH Regional Medical Center to be 583.
- ↑ Directory of Services: Trama Center. DCH Health System. Accessed November 26, 2005.
- ↑ http://www.uatrolley.org/door/
- ↑ Template:Cite news
- ↑ http://www.maritimelawyer-alabama.com/port-of-tuscaloosa.asp
- ↑ http://www.lifemojo.com/routes/riverwalk-1556012
- ↑ http://www.tuscaloosasistercities.com/
- ↑ http://www.chuckleavell.com/
- ↑ 44.0 44.1 44.2 44.3 Template:Cite book
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