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Coordinates: Template:Coord/link

{{{county}}}, {{{state}}}
[[File:Map of {{{state}}} highlighting {{{county}}}.svg|200px|Map of {{{state}}} highlighting {{{county}}} ]]
Location in the state of [[{{{state}}}]]
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{{{state}}}'s location in the U.S.
Founded information needed
Seat
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,644.02 sq mi (4,258 km²)
1,233.09 sq mi (3,194 km²)
410.93 sq mi (1,064 km²),
PopulationEst.
 - (2011)
 - Density


[[Category:{{{state}}} counties]]

Mobile County[p] is a county of the state of Alabama. Its name is in honor of a tribe of Indians, the Maubila tribe .  As of 2011, its population was 415,704.  The county seat is Mobile.  The entire county is included in the Mobile metropolitan area.

History Edit

While still a part of the Mississippi Territory, Mobile County was created by a proclamation of Governor Holmes of the Mississippi Territory on December 18, 1812.[1] The area became part of the Alabama Territory, on August 15, 1817,[2][3] on the day the Mississippi Territory formed a state constitution and was split in half. Two years later, the county became part of the State of Alabama, when granted statehood on December 14, 1819.

The city of Mobile has always been the county seat.[1] Both the county and city derive their name from Fort Louis de la Mobile, a French fortification established (near present-day Axis, Alabama) in 1702. The word "Mobile" is believed to stem from a Choctaw Indian word for "paddlers".[1] The area was occupied by French colonists from 1702–1763, by the British from 1763–1780, and by the Spanish from 1780-1813. Three separate courthouse fires occurred in the years 1823, 1840, and 1872.[1]

Government Edit

LocalEdit

Mobile County is governed by a three-member county commission.  Each commissioner represents a district and is elected by the voters of that district to serve a four-year term.  Each commissioner has an equal vote on the commission.  One of the commissioners is selected as Commission President.

Current (as of June 2009) Mobile County Commissioners are:

  • District 1 (northern County) – Merceria L. Ludgood (D) (current Commission President)
  • District 2 (western and central County) – Connie Hudson (R)
  • District 3 (southern County) – Mike Dean (R)

StateEdit

Mobile County is represented in the Alabama Legislature by three senators and nine representatives. It is represented in the Alabama Senate by Democrat Vivian Davis Figures from the 33rd district, by Republican Rusty Glover from the 34th district, and by Republican Ben Brooks from the 35th district.[4]  It is represented in the Alabama House of Representatives by Democrat Yvonne Kennedy from the 97th district, Democrat James O. Gordon from the 98th district, Democrat James Buskey from the 99th district, Republican Victor Gaston from the 100th district, Republican Jamie Ison from the 101st district, Republican Chad Fincher from the 102nd district, Democrat Joseph C. Mitchell from the 103rd district, Republican Jim Barton from the 104th district, and Republican Spencer Collier from the 105th district.[5]

GeographyEdit

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of Template:Convert/numdisp square miles (Template:Convert/LoffAonSoff), of which Template:Convert/numdisp square miles (Template:Convert/LoffAonSoff) (or 75.00%) is land and Template:Convert/numdisp square miles (Template:Convert/LoffAonSoff) (or 25.00%) is water.[6]  It includes several islands, including Dauphin Island, Gaillard Island and Mon Louis Island.

Major highwaysEdit

  • Interstate 10
  • Image:I-65 (AL).s Interstate 65
  • Interstate 165
  • U.S. Highway 43
  • U.S. Highway 45
  • U.S. Highway 90
  • U.S. Highway 98

Adjacent countiesEdit

  • Washington County (north)
  • Baldwin County (east)
  • Jackson County, Mississippi (southwest)
  • George County, Mississippi (west)
  • Greene County, Mississippi (northwest)

National protected areasEdit

  • Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge (part)

DemographicsEdit

Mobile County, Alabama
Year Pop.  %±<tr> 1820  2672

<td style="text-align: center; padding: 1px; ">—</td> </tr><tr>

1830  6267

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1840 18,741

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1850 27,600

<td style="text-align: right; padding: 1px; ">Template:Decimals%</td> </tr><tr>

1860 41,131

<td style="text-align: right; padding: 1px; border-bottom: 1px solid #bbbbbb;">Template:Decimals%</td> </tr><tr>

1870 49,311

<td style="text-align: right; padding: 1px; ">Template:Decimals%</td> </tr><tr>

1880 48,653

<td style="text-align: right; padding: 1px; ">−Template:Decimals%</td> </tr><tr>

1890 51,587

<td style="text-align: right; padding: 1px; ">Template:Decimals%</td> </tr><tr>

1900 62,740

<td style="text-align: right; padding: 1px; ">Template:Decimals%</td> </tr><tr>

1910 80,854

<td style="text-align: right; padding: 1px; border-bottom: 1px solid #bbbbbb;">Template:Decimals%</td> </tr><tr>

1920 100,117

<td style="text-align: right; padding: 1px; ">Template:Decimals%</td> </tr><tr>

1930 118,363

<td style="text-align: right; padding: 1px; ">Template:Decimals%</td> </tr><tr>

1940 141,974

<td style="text-align: right; padding: 1px; ">Template:Decimals%</td> </tr><tr>

1950 231,105

<td style="text-align: right; padding: 1px; ">Template:Decimals%</td> </tr><tr>

1960 314,301

<td style="text-align: right; padding: 1px; border-bottom: 1px solid #bbbbbb;">Template:Decimals%</td> </tr><tr>

1970 317,308

<td style="text-align: right; padding: 1px; ">Template:Decimals%</td> </tr><tr>

1980 364,980

<td style="text-align: right; padding: 1px; ">Template:Decimals%</td> </tr><tr>

1990 378,643

<td style="text-align: right; padding: 1px; ">Template:Decimals%</td> </tr><tr>

2000 399,843

<td style="text-align: right; padding: 1px; ">Template:Decimals%</td> </tr><tr><td colspan="3" style="border-top: 1px solid black; font-size: 85%; text-align: left;">Sources: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov.  through 1960</td></tr>

2000 Census dataEdit

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 399,843 people, 150,179 households, and 106,777 families residing in the county.  The population density was 324 people per square mile (125/km2).  There were 165,101 housing units at an average density of 134 per square mile (52/km2).  The racial makeup of the county was 63.07% White, 33.38% Black or African American, 0.67% Native American, 1.41% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races.  1.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 150,179 households out of which 34.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.50% were married couples living together, 17.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.  The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county the population dispersal was 27.50% under the age of 18, 10.00% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.00% who were 65 years of age or older.  The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 91.50 males.  For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $33,710, and the median income for a family was $40,378. Males had a median income of $32,329 versus $21,986 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,178.  About 15.60% of families and 18.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.20% of those under age 18 and 14.60% of those age 65 or over.

2008 and 2004 election resultsEdit

Mobile County cast the majority of its votes for Republican John McCain. He won 54% of the vote and 98,049 votes. Democrat Barack Obama received 45% of the vote and 82,181 votes. Other candidates won 1% of the vote. In the Senate election in 2008, Republican Jeff Sessions did better than John McCain. Sessions won 57% of the vote and 102,043 votes. His challenger, Democrat Vivian D. Figures won only 43% of the vote and 77,292 votes. In 2004, Republican George W. Bush did better than both McCain and Sessions in Mobile County. Bush won 59% of the vote and 92,014 votes. Democrat John F. Kerry won 40% of the vote and 63,732 votes. Other candidates won 1% of the vote.[8]

SettlementsEdit

CitiesEdit

TownsEdit

Census-designated placesEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

EducationEdit

All of the public schools in Mobile County, with the exception of Saraland city schools, are operated by the Mobile County Public School System.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Template:Refbegin   [p] - The name "Mobile" is pronounced "mo-beel" with even emphasis on both syllables.

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Mobile County, Alabama history". Alabama Department of Archives and History (ADAH). June 5, 2009. http://www.archives.state.al.us/counties/mobile.html. 
  2. "An 1820 Claim to Congress: Alabama Territory : 1817". The Intruders. TNGenNet Inc.. 2001. http://www.tngenweb.org/tnland/intruders/claim-537.html. 
  3. "Statehood Dates". 50states.com. 1998/2009. http://www.50states.com/statehood.htm . 
  4. "Roster of the Alabama State Senate". Official Website of the Alabama Legislature. http://www.legislature.state.al.us/senate/senators/senateroster_alpha.html. Retrieved 2007-11-30. 
  5. "Roster of the Alabama House of Representatives". Official Website Of The Alabama Legislature. http://www.legislature.state.al.us/house/representatives/houseroster_alpha.html. Retrieved 2007-11-30. 
  6. {{cite web   |url=http://www.census.gov/tiger/tms/gazetteer/county2k.txt   |title=Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties   |publisher=United States Census   |accessdate=2011-02-13 }}
  7. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. David Leip (2008). "Atlas of United States Presidential Election Results". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/. 

Template:Refend

External linksEdit

Template:Geographic Location 

Mobile County
Cities Bay Lou Batre · Chickasaw · Citronelle · Creola · Mobile · Prichard · Saraland · Satsuma
Towns Dauphin Island · Mount Vernon
CDPs Grand Bay · Theodore · Tillman's Corner
Unincorporated communities Alabama Port · Axis · Bucks · Calvert · Chunchula · Coden · Eight Mile · Fernland · Heron Bay · Irvington · Kushla  · Le Moyne  · Mauvilla  · Mon Louis  · St. Elmo · Semmes  · Whistler  · Wilmer
Alabama
Topics History · Geography · people · Government · Governors · Lieutenent governors · Metropolitan Areas · · National Historic Landmarks
Metro areas Greater Birmingham · Montgomery Metro Area · Mobile Metro Area · Huntsville Metro Area
Larger Cities Auburn · Birmingham · Decatur · Dothan · Florence · Gadsden · Hoover · Huntsville · Madison · Mobile · Montgomery ·

Tuscaloosa

CDPs Autauga · Baldwin · Barbour · Bibb · Blount · Bullock · Butler · Calhoun · Chambers · Cherokee · Chilton · Choctaw · 

Clarke · Clay · Cleburne · Coffee · Colbert · Conecuh · Coosa · Covington · Crenshaw · Cullman · Dale · Dallas · DeKalb · Elmore · Escambia · Etowah · Fayette · Franklin · Geneva · Greene · Hale · Henry · Houston · Jackson · Jefferson · Lamar · Lauderdale · Lawrence · Lee · Limestone · Lowndes · Macon · Madison · Marengo · Marion · Marshall · Mobile · Monroe · Montgomery · Morgan · Perry · Pickens · Pike · Randolph · Russell · Shelby · St. Clair · Sumter · Talladega · Tallapoosa · Tuscaloosa · Walker · Washington · Wilcox · Winston

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