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Brighton is a city near Birmingham, Alabama, United States and located just east of Hueytown. At the 2010 census the population was 2,945. It is one of four cities in Jefferson County named after cities in Great Britain. Many of its early settlers were of English descent and named the town after the English tourist and resort city of Brighton which is located on the English Channel.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.4 square miles (3.6 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,640 people, 1,413 households, and 921 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,599.1 people per square mile (1,003.9/km2). There were 1,636 housing units at an average density of 1,168.2 per square mile (451.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 9.01% White, 89.12% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.03% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 0.55% from two or more races. 1.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,413 households out of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.9% were married couples living together, 29.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.29.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $21,364, and the median income for a family was $27,926. Males had a median income of $24,018 versus $20,192 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,002. About 20.2% of families and 27.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.3% of those under age 18 and 20.3% of those age 65 or over.
By 1901, at least 100 families were living in Brighton, which was along a dummy railroad line built in 1889 by the Bessemer & Birmingham Railroad Company to connect those two cities. The city really started in 1892, when G. B. Edwards, subdivided a tract of land and sold lots at affordable prices on easy terms. The Old Huntsville Road became Main Street and the city was incorporated in 1901. The town had a population of 500 by the 1910 Census with seventeen commercial establishments including eight grocery stores.
The city's fortunes have always been closely linked to those of Woodward Iron Company and when that industry moved out the town rapidly declined. The graves of many early settlers of Scottish, English and German descent who came to work at Woodward can be found in Brighton Cemetery which still operates today.
- ↑ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- ↑ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ↑ The Birmingham District, An Industrial History and Guide, pages 141-142, published 1981, Marjorie L. White
|Cities||Adamsville · Bessemer · Birmingham · Brighton · Center Point · Clay · Fairfield · Fultondale · Gardendale · Graysville|
|Towns||Argo · Brookside · Cardiff · County Line · Kimberly · Maytown|
|CDPs||Concord · Edgewater · Forestdale · Grayson Valley|